The Qanoon typically consists of a flat trapezoidal wooden soundboard with numerous strings stretched over it. The strings are divided into courses, with three strings per course. Musicians play the Qanoon by plucking the strings with small plectra (plectrums) attached to their fingers.The Qanoon player uses the plectra to pluck the strings and create different tones and melodies. The strings are often tuned to a specific maqam (musical mode), allowing for a wide range of expressive possibilities.

The Qanoon is a fundamental instrument in classical, folk, and popular music across the Middle East, North Africa, and neighboring regions. It is often featured in ensembles and solo performances, accompanying vocalists and other instrumentalists.

Different regions and cultures have developed variations of the Qanoon, each with unique designs, tunings, and playing techniques. Variations include the Arabic Qanoon, Turkish Kanun, and Persian Kanun.

While deeply rooted in traditional music, the Qanoon has also made its way into contemporary compositions, allowing musicians to explore new musical horizons while preserving its essential character.

The Qanoon’s intricate melodies and cultural resonance continue to captivate audiences and inspire musicians worldwide, making it a cherished symbol of ancient musical traditions.