The Tombak is a hand-played goblet-shaped drum that originates from Persia (modern-day Iran). It is one of the most prominent and important percussion instruments in Persian classical and folk music.

The Tombak is typically constructed from a single piece of wood, traditionally mulberry, walnut, or other hardwoods. It has a goblet-shaped body with a wide, rounded drumhead made of animal skin, often goat or fishskin. The drumhead is affixed to the body with a series of tuning cords.

 Musicians play the Tombak by striking the drumhead with their fingers and palms. Various techniques and finger patterns create different tones, rhythms, and timbres.

The Tombak is a vital instrument in Persian classical and folk music, providing rhythmic support and intricate patterns in various musical genres. It is often featured in ensembles, accompanying instrumental and vocal performances.

There are regional and stylistic variations of the Tombak, each with its unique design and playing techniques. Variations include the Iranian Tombak and the Azerbaijani Nagara.

While deeply rooted in traditional music, the Tombak has also found its place in contemporary compositions, allowing musicians to explore new rhythmic possibilities while preserving its essential character.

The Tombak’s intricate rhythms and cultural resonance continue to captivate audiences and inspire musicians worldwide, making it a cherished symbol of Persian musical traditions.